Wetland Status. Despite its small native habitat, C. kentukea is hardy to zone 4 and performs well outside of its natural distribution. The species is native to the southeastern U.S. This large, American-native is spectacular in spring, with creamy white flower panicles that are 8-14″ long and loaded with fragrant pea-like flowers. Cladrastis kentukea – Yellowwood. I was excited to spot the tree at left hanging … Cladrastis Species, American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood syn. The leaves are compound pinnate, with 5–17 alternately arranged leaflets. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. Cladrastis lutea (F. Once known as C. lutea, with lutea (yellow), referring to its yellow wood (see below). yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. The rich green foliage stands out in any summer landscape followed by a golden yellow fall display. Category: Trees. The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. T… Read more. Cladrastis kentukea Yellowwood » Cascades of fragrant white blooms in May and June » Elm-like shaped tree » Brilliant yellow fall foliage; Photo courtesy of Bailey Nursery 7 gal. C. lutea, C. tinctoria, is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean “branch” and “fragile” in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means “of Kentucky.” Common Name. In North Carolina, Yellowwood is found only in a few of our western-most counties bordering Tennessee, and is among the rarest of our native trees. kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. Rudd; Preferred Common Name. Identity Taxonomic Tree List of Pests Uses List ... Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America.. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Cladrastis . Call us at 1 315 4971058. Cours.) Though rare even within its native range, Cladrastis kentukea should be considered one of the most spectacular flowering trees of the eastern US. Yellowwood will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. K. Koch; International Common Names . Cladrastis lutea ( syn. Yellowwood is a medium-sized tree is rare in its native range in North Carolina, where it is known from only a handful of counties in the western Mountains. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. As the tree matures, the bark turns gray similar to a beech. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. See more ideas about Plants, Kentucky, Tree. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. Introduction. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Cladrastis kentukea Bean family (Fabaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is 30-65' tall at maturity, forming a short trunk that soon branches and subdivides into a rounded crown. Branches are usually gray and smooth, although sometimes they are brown. Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. They typically grow to be 30-50 feet tall at maturity, with upright b Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. Roadsides, forest borders and fragments, areas of habitation. Water … ‘Native’ because its current range is primarily restricted to scattered outcroppings in the Ozarks and southern Appalachian highlands where it often grows on shady slopes in chalky, limestone-rich soils. Its ability to perform well when planted far outside of its natural range only deepens the mystery of the yellowwood. After his visit to New Harmony in 1818, Rafinesque moved to Kentucky and held a professorship at Transylvania University in Lexington. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Scientific Name. This unique legume is endemic to the eastern United States and enjoys a strangely patchy distribution. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). K. Koch; Sophora kentukea Dum.-Cours. Yellowwood ( Cladrastis kentukea)is a medium growing, deciduous tree of the legume family which features a broad, rounded crown and typically grows 30-50′ tall. 1). photo credit: R. Robert . Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson 2. Cladrastis kentukea Kentucky yellowwood Legal Status. Cladrastis kentukea Figure 1. Is also sometimes grown as multiple-stemmed shrub. White seed pods emerge from the flowers and mature in September to October. This under-planted native packs a big wow factor from its fragrant, pendulous flower panicles in May to early June. yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. Important properties. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Related Links. The immense beauty and grace of the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is inversely proportional to its abundance. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more. Following the flowers, 4″ light brown seed pods form in autumn. Photo by Rachel White . Interpreting Wetland Status. Jun 5, 2019 - Yellowwood, Kentucky yellowwood. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. Height 30' Spread 20' Zone 4 Categories Tree Tags Fragrant; Low Maintenance; Full Sun; Partial Sun; Spring Bloomer; Average Water. - $149.99. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Young American Yellowwood. A medium-sized deciduous tree from the legume family, yellowwood is native to the southeastern United States. Springtime will bring about an abundance of large pendulous panicles of intensely fragrant white flowers, very similar in appearance to those of wisteria. Cladrastis kentukea. Michx.) C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama.Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia. Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) Genus: Cladrastis (kluh-DRAS-tis) Species: kentukea (ken-TUK-ee-uh) Cultivar: Rosea: Additional cultivar information: (aka Perkin's Pink) Synonym: Cladrastis kentuckea: One member has or wants this plant for trade. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fabales>Fabaceae>Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd. Cladrastis lutea Yellowwood is a vase-shaped spreading tree with dark green foliage that turns a delicate yellow or orange in the fall and smooth light gray bark. View gallery. Kentucky Yellow Wood, Yellow Wood, Gopherwood, Virgillia. Cladrastis kentukea, American yellowwood, is a medium sized tree with a patchy native range in the southeastern United States. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. The tree may not flower for the first 8-10 years, but once the bloom begins, it can be spectacular. Cladrastis kentukea common name: Yellowwood. The trunk is grey brown and smooth, when mature shallow grooves may appear. American Yellowwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Yellowwood is so-named because the freshly-cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye (Fig. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. The Naming Hisory: Yellowwood was first named Sophora kentukea by Dumont de Courset in 1811. Cladrastis Raf. Cours.) A low branching tree with a wide, round crown that is rarely seen here. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. • CT, MA; also reported from RI by Kartesz (1999), but specimens are unknown. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are white. View gallery. Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) is possibly the most unique ‘native’ tree of eastern North America. Cladrastis: from the Greek, klado, a branch, and thraustos, fragile, referring to the brittle shoots. Cladrastis lutea and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. kentukea: of Kentucky. Cladrastis kentukea When choosing a medium-sized tree (for instance to replace an ash lost to emerald ash borer) consider the yellowwood. Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood 'Rosea' Cladrastis kentukea. 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