When harvesting switchgrass for hay, the first cutting occurs at the late boot stage – around mid-June. Switchgrass is one of the perennial grasses with scientific name Panicum virgatum. "Since that mention in the 2006, investment in switch grass has exploded, thanks in large part, experts say, to the President's speech. Scientific Names To learn about the common trees found in the Pacific Northwest, click a name.Each genus page also includes descriptions of the species that occur, within each genus, that are native to … 2008. / Acre Panicum capillare. ) Description.  However, current technology for herbaceous biomass conversion to ethanol is about 340 liters per tonne. Season: Additionally, switchgrass is grown as a drought-resistant ornamental grass in average to wet soils and in full sun to part shade. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. Samson, R. et al.  Switchgrass is also being used to heat small industrial and farm buildings in Germany and China through a process used to make a low quality natural gas substitute.. It can be used by cattle farmers for hay and pasture and as a substitute for wheat straw in many applications, including livestock bedding, straw bale housing, and as a substrate for growing mushrooms. Longevity: Perennial. Switchgrass Panicum virgatum Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial that typically grows to 3–7 feet high. During the bioconversion process, the lignin fraction of switchgrass can be burned to provide sufficient steam and electricity to operate the biorefinery. Switchgrass has two distinct forms, or "cytotypes": the lowland cultivars, which tend to produce more biomass, and the upland cultivars, which are generally of more northern origin, more cold-tolerant, and therefore usually preferred in northern areas. By returning switchgrass and other perennial prairie grasses as an agricultural crop, many marginal soils may benefit from increased levels of organic material, permeability, and fertility, due to the grass's deep root system. Switchgrass genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Panicum virgatum var. Danimer Scientific is making the future of plastics possible, from compostable polymers for today's sustainable products to achieving 100% biodegradable bioplastics for tomorrow. home - common name index - scientific name index - database - picture key - weedy grasses - ornamental grasses - Ada Hayden Herbarium - ISU Duration: Perennial Stem Texture: Hairless/Smooth Growth Habit: Bunch grass, Grasses Season: Warm Distribution: 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 05 - Cross Timbers and Prairies, 06 - South Texas Plains, 07 - Edwards Plateau, 08 - Rolling Plains, 09 - High Plains, 10 - Trans-Pecos Common Name; Scientific Name; Family Name; Contact . The crop can be established both by no-till and conventional tillage.  Switchgrass has been widely tested as a substitute for coal in power generation. Springer Science, Berlin, Germany. Switchgrass pellets were identified to have a 14.6:1 energy output-to-input ratio, which is substantially better than that for liquid biofuel options from farmland. Panicum virgatum.  Such low accumulation rates do not, as of 2009, allow for commercial use of switchgrass as a biosource. Switchgrass is a 3' to 7'+ tall native perennial bunch grass and is one of our most important tall warm season grasses. U.S. Weed Information. switchgrass to a height of 4 inches in May or 6 inches in June or July. Colors. Performs well on a wide range of soils. It is a natural component of the tallgrass prairie, which covered most of the Great Plains. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a warm season grass and is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie. Names and pictures of all flowers. Plant Characteristics. Due to its height, switchgrass can form an effective wind erosion barrier. These technical problems now appear to have been largely resolved through crop management practices such as fall mowing and spring harvesting that allow for leaching to occur, which leads to fewer aerosol-forming compounds (such as K and Cl) and N in the grass. 2006. Switchgrass as a Bioenergy Crop, ATTRA - National Sustainable Agricultural Information Service, 2006. It is common throughout California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet (1500 m). It is now being considered for use in several bioenergy conversion processes, including cellulosic ethanol production, biogas, and direct combustion for thermal energy applications. Biomass resources options: Creating a BIOHEAT supply for the Canadian greenhouse industry. This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 16:11. Farrell, A.E. Switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year and may generally be expected to produce 12 to ≥20 mg/ha/year across its usual range of distribution. For example, our snake plant’s full scientific name could be written Sansevieria trifasciata or Sansevieriatrifasciata. Erosion Control: Switchgrass is perhaps our most valuable native grass, adapted to a wide range of sites. The main advantage of using switchgrass over corn as an ethanol feedstock is its cost of production is generally about 1/2 that of grain corn, and more biomass energy per hectare can be captured in the field.  Given that switchgrass contains approximately 18.8 GJ/ODT of biomass, the energy output-to-input ratio for the crop can be up to 20:1. This warm-season grass blooms in mid- to late- summer. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Scientific name: Sporobolus cryptandrus; Question: “Which quail-friendly plant of the week is this? Some of the most common cool-season grasses include the following in this grass names list. It has adapted regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and climate conditions over most of the US. Switchgrass is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie and can be found in remnant prairies, in native grass pastures, and naturalized along roadsides. Legal Status.  Another study found that switchgrass uses 0.8 GJ/ODT of fossil energy compared to grain corn's 2.9 GJ/ODT. Studies have found that for every unit of energy input needed to create a biofuel from switchgrass, four units of energy are yielded. Thus, the productive season in its northern habitat can be as short as three months, but in the southern reaches of its habitat the growing season may be as long as eight months, around the Gulf Coast area. Scientific name: Panicum virgatum L. Common name(s): Switchgrass: This weed is not known to be naturalised in Victoria: Habitat: Native to North & Central America. Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) Click on organism name to get more information. Along with the scientific name of Switchgrass, know the scientific names of other plants too. Conservation districts in many parts of the United States use it to control erosion in grass waterways because of its ability to anchor soils while providing habitat for wildlife.  In preliminary tests, the dry weight of a plants leaves were shown to comprise up to 3.7% of the polymer. 506-508. Seeding Rate. Thermal energy applications for switchgrass appear to be closer to near-term scale-up than cellulosic ethanol for industrial or small-scale applications. Switchgrass in Spanish can be different from Switchgrass in English.  It can also be used on strip mine sites, dikes, and pond dams. Once established, switchgrass can take up to three years to reach its full production potential. Livestock: Switchgrass produces heavy growth during late spring and early summer. 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